UNIVERSITÀ DEGLI STUDI DI BRESCIA
Università degli Studi di Brescia was officially established in 1982, building on previous courses given by the nearby Universities of Milan, Milan Polytechnic, and Parma. When it was founded, the University gathered three Schools: Engineering, Economics and Medicine. The School of Law was added in 1996. As a result, since November 1, 2012, the University of Brescia comprises eight departments offering quality programs and competitive research in areas related to Engineering, Health, Law, and Economics. With its 550 permanent academic staff, offers 24 undergraduate Degree programs, 17 postgraduate and 7 Doctoral Degree programs. In 2016, about 14300 students were enrolled. At present, Università degli Studi di Brescia counts more than 160 active financed research projects, 40 international and 120 nationally funded projects. 25 projects were funded within the 7th Framework Programme. The University participated in various programs such as FP5, FP6, FP7, COST actions, LIFE+, South East Europe Program, Erasmus Mundus, ACP Water Facility, Civil Justice and is currently participating in 13 projects within Horizon 2020. The support to the SCARABEUS project will be granted by two Full professors and one technician of the Energy Technology Group (ERGO), in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering. ERGO’s main research activities focuses on the study, analysis, and design of components involved in all the aspects of energy conversion, particularly in case of power plant operating with non-conventional working fluids (ORCs, closed gas cycles, Stirling engines). The main experimental activity of the Group is the assessment of the thermal stability of working fluids for closed cycle engines. This task is carried out in the Fluid Test Laboratory.
UBS will lead the activities of WP2 devoted to identify the most promising CO2 blending with particular attention to (i) compound identification, (ii) thermodynamic properties definition and (iii) thermal stability measurements.
Costante Invernizzi is Full professor of “Fluid Machinery and Energy Conversion Systems” at University of Brescia (Department of Mechanical and Industrial Ingeneering) since June 2018. He obtained a PhD in Energy in 1987 (Politecnico di Milano) and a degree in Nuclear Engineering in 1981 (Politecnico di Milano). Winner of the Harold Disney Prize 2008 of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (with G Angelino e P Iora) and winner in 1985 of the Prize “Giovanni Francia” reserved to studies and researches on the “Alternative Energies”. He was coordinator of several research projects funded by the Ministry of University and Research (MURST) and by private and public companies. He is author and co-author of numerous scientific papers, mostly published in international journals, a book, and he holds a patent (now expired, with G Angelino) filed in 1996. The scientific activities mainly focus on the study of particular thermodynamic aspects and on the design of cycles and machinery for non-conventional heat engines: closed cycles using non- traditional working fluids (pure fluids or mixtures of fluids, in single- or in twophase conditions) even operating in zones of the thermodynamic diagram characterized by strong real gas effects. Typical applications of this type of engines can be in the field of heat recovery or in the use and conversion of renewable energies (geothermal, biomass, solar). Parallel to the theoretical activities he carries out experimental measurements for the evaluation of the thermal stability of organic fluids by means of an apparatus specifically made.
Paolo Iora is Full professor of “Energy and Environmental Systems” at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University f Brescia sinceJune 2018. He graduated in Mechanical Associated with document Ref. Ares(2019)1571276 – 08/03/2019 814985 – SCARABEUS – Part B 72 Engineering at the University of Brescia (2000) and worked as Postgraduate Student from December 2003 to April 2004 at Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemical Technology of Imperial College (London), focusing on the development of dynamic simulation models for high temperature fuel cells. In 2005 he took his doctorate in Energetics, at Politecnico di Milano. From January to April 2010 he was visiting professor at the Mechanical Engineering Department of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), working on the development of advanced hydrogen storage systems for PEMs. In September 2012 he was visiting professor in the same Department, collaborating on energy policy for cogeneration plants and fossil-renewable hybrid plants. His research activities mainly focus on advanced systems for energy conversion and storage. He is author of 32 papers published on peer review international journals, and numerous contribution presented in national and international conferences.
Modestino Savoia is a technician working in the Fluid Test Laboratory, University of Brescia. Since 2005 he supports the laboratory activities related to the analysis of the thermal stability of working fluids.
Gioele Di Marcoberardino
Gioele Di Marcoberardino is assistant professor of “Energy and Environmental Systems” at the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia since November 2018. He graduated in Energy Engineering at Politecnico di Milano (2012) and he got a PhD degree in 2016 in Energy and Nuclear Science and Technology at the Department of Energy (Politecnico di Milano) where he worked as Post-Doc researcher from 2016 and 2018. His research activities focus on modelling of advanced energy conversion systems, in particular micro-cogeneration plant from fossil and renewable fuels. He was involved in the experimental activities of Laboratory of Microcogeneration (Politecnico di Milano), investigating micro-cogeneration systems, such as internal combustion engine, Stirling engine, PEM fuel cell as well as fuel processor for hydrogen production. In the last year, he carried out experimental campaigns at Fluids Test Lab (University of Brescia) on the evaluation of fluid thermal stability for advanced closed cycle applications. He’s been involved in national and European projects dealing with advanced energy conversion system optimization (REFORCELL; FERRET; FLUIDCELL; SCARABEUS) and hydrogen production (BIONICO). He is dissemination leader in BIONICO project. He’s author of over fifteen papers published on peer-reviewed journals and several contributions presented in national and international conferences.
Fluid Test Laboratory
The Fluid Test Laboratory (FTL) is located in the Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, University of Brescia. The main activity carried out in FTL is the assessment of the thermal stability of working fluids for closed cycle engines (ORCs, closed gas cycles, Stirling engines). Within the context of the SCARABEO project, this laboratory will host the thermal stability tests on the most promising fluids identified, as well as the long term thermal stability tests (2000 hours) for the selected CO2-blends. Since such analysis has been performed so far only on pure fluids, the study of the CO2 blends, will rely on a new methodology and an improved experimental apparatus necessary to take into account the different features required to test a binary mixture. A schematic layout of the experimental test rig presently in use, is shown in the figure below. It consist of : (F) muffle furnace, (B) thermostatic bath, (AC) AC power, (R) security relay for the power supply of the furnace, (PID) temperature control panel, (PC) personal computer for the data acquisition and the system control, (E-1) sample cylinder, (E-2) vacuum pump, (E-3) vacuum trap, (E-4) graduated container, (V-1, VAssociated with document Ref. Ares(2019)1571276 – 08/03/2019 814985 – SCARABEUS – Part B 73 2, V-3) high pressure valves, (V-4, V-5) low pressure valves, (V-6) Hoffman clamp, (V-7) pyrex tap, (I-1) thermocouple for the measurement of the sample’s temperature, (I-2, I-3) pressure transmitters, (I-4) thermocouple for the measurement of ambient temperature.
The measuring section consists of two pressure transmitters with adjustable span, and one type K thermocouple for the measurement of the temperature of the fluid. The pressure transmitters are equipped with an integrated A/D converter device that allows the compensation of the temperature effect on the measuring sensor. The digital signals coming from the acquisition modules are sampled with frequency of 1 kHz and processed in LabVIEW® environment.